Psychology will always be my favorite subject from the moment I heard it. Understanding it keeps me on track and helps to maintain my coolness at all times. The more I learned from studying it, the more it gives me benefits and I can prove it by testing and observing it to the public. One of the most interesting topic about psychology is it’s ‘effects’ which is commonly used by psychologist to analyze and understand their patients. Obviously, it’s a type of treatment with intriguing results and a little amount of self-satisfaction. Here are 10 of the most commonly used psychological ‘effects’ that could benefit you.
- Barnum Effect
Love to answer personality quizzes? Here’s the reason why. Barnum Effect could be the most used effect with the help of continuous growing social media. Barnum effect also known as Forrer effect is introduced by none other than Bertram R. Forrer himself in 1948. Forrer effect or Personal Validation Effect is a cognitive bias by which a person will consider a statement to be correct if it has any personal meaning or significance to them. Aside with personality tests, examples of Barnum effect are tarot cards, horoscopes, astrology, fortune telling, graphology, religion, and aura reading. Probably the most popular is the one that floods your Facebook home page, the personality tests.
- Placebo Effect
This effect requires an item (solution, mixture, juice, supplement, etc.) as its medium to treat a patient. Placebo is a Latin word meaning “I please” or “I shall please”. It is a simulated medical treatment for a disease or other medical condition intended to deceive the patient. Sometimes patients given Placebo treatment will have a deceived or actual improvement in a medical condition, a phenomenon commonly called the placebo effect or placebo response. In medical research, placebos are given control treatments and depend on the use of measured suggestion. Common placebos include insert tablets, vehicle infusions, sham surgery, and other procedures based on false information. It’s like, giving the patient false information and let their optimism do the job.
- Boomerang Effect
You heard about Karma, right? Boomerang Effect actually refers to the unintended and unexpected consequences of an attempt to persuade resulting in the adaption of an opposing position instead. It is sometimes also referred to “the theory of psychological reactance”, stating that the attempts to restrict a person’s freedom often produce a boomerang effect. One of the best examples of this effect often happens within the arguments of two persons wherein with the lack of information and ideas, the opposing person could take the damage meant for the other person.
- Hawthorne Effect
Also referred to Observer Effect is a type of reactivity in which individuals modify or improve an aspect of their behavior in response to their awareness of being observed. The original “Hawthorne Effect” study at Hawthorne Works suggested that the novelty of being research subjects and the increased attention from such could lead to temporary increase in workers’ productivity. The term was coined in 1950 by Henry A. Landsberger when analyzing earlier experiments from 1924-1932 at the Hawthorne Works (a Western electric factory outside Chicago). The Hawthorne Works had commissioned a study to see if their workers would become more productivity in higher or lower levels of light. The workers’ productivity seemed to improve when changes were made, and slumped when the study ended. It was suggested that the productivity gain occurred as a result of the motivational effect on the workers of the interest being shown in them. The more a person is supervised with a frequent change of tasks, the more the person becomes productive. It’s like a single person who’s a swordsman now, and could be an archer after few minutes. a person that could be anyone when supervised.
- Rhyme-as-reason Effect
Make a self-test about these two statements. Which would you think is more accurate: “What sobriety conceals, alcohol reveals.” And “what sobriety conceals, alcohol unmasks”. The Rhyme-as-reason Effect (or Eaton-Rosen Phenomenon) is a cognitive bias whereupon a saying or aphorism is judged as more accurate or truthful when it is rewritten to rhyme. In experiments, subjects judged variations of sayings which did and did not rhyme, and tended to evaluate those that rhymed as more truthful (controlled for meaning).